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Skip to main content. You're using an out-of-date version of Internet Explorer. Log In Sign Up. From nitrate town to internment camp: The nitrate industry flourished from about to , introducing a new system of production and social relations in the country. Founded in , Chacabuco was active only until , when synthetic nitrate developed by German chemists in the early 20th century began to dominate the industry. This article examines this change of use as well as other issues of continuity and change between the two occupations of the town.
The author also discusses the ways in which archaeology may offer parallel and complementary evidence to documentary and oral sources. While international companies owned the towns, the Chilean government levied a tax on all saltpeter exported. The industry went into decline when Germany began producing synthetic saltpeter during the First Corresponding author: Map of northern Chile, showing Chacabuco.
World War, and was further weakened by the economic crisis of This article discusses the cultural biography of a particular saltpeter town, Chacabuco, which is located kilometers north of the city of Antofagasta Figure 1. The concept of cultural biography is borrowed from the commodity analysis model proposed by Kopytoff , who suggested that things cannot be understood from only one phase of their existence.
We thus consider Chacabuco in its entirety, as an object that has changed over the course of its lifetime, acquiring histories that contribute to its current Downloaded from mcu.
As I aim to demonstrate in this article, there are many aspects of continuity and change in the tech- nologies of power and resistance in the sense of Foucault,  that operated in each context. This attempt to make our contemporary past more visible and public is therefore intended to give voice to groups that have been marginalized by the reigning discourses and to contribute to efforts that seek to reunite Chileans with their recent history cf.